Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Menopause Is It a normal condition in woman life

> Menopause - Almost all of us have combined to stop the season on the threshold of old age and therefore, when they begin the first round of the genetic anomalies, hot flashes, sweats and intense mood swings, which signify, among other things, the initiation menopause, we are terrified. Chances are that some of the fear stems from the insecurity we feel about the changes that will occur in our bodies but also our psychology, because we imagine that will make us feel and look less. But things are not just so feminine and our existence is not threatened by the menopause, which is a normal part of the cycle of the woman and not disease.

What is menopause and at what age is shown

Menopause is the normal period in a woman's life when menstruation stops. Usually this is an evolving situation due to the progressive decline of ovarian function, which involves reducing levels of vital hormones such as estrogen and progesterone.

The low levels of hormones cause disruption of menstrual cycles and eventually fully suspended. Also responsible for the unpleasant symptoms that characterize this critical period.
Menopause can also be caused when the ovaries are removed for various medical reasons.
The interval between the lower fertility by menopause called climacteric and takes about two years.

Normally, menopause occurs on average in women aged about 50 years, with extreme physiological differences of 40-58 years. The multifarious women and with increased body mass tend to have a late menopause, while conversely, women who have not had children, they smoke, they take antidepressants, are exposed to radiation or exposure to toxic chemical agents, entering menopause at a younger age. Early menopause age 40 years has also been associated with familial predisposition.

What is the precise definition of menopause?

Menopause is defined as the permanent cessation of menstruation i.e. complete absence for more than a year, which is due to inhibition of maturation in the ovaries (natural menopause) or removal of the ovaries (surgical menopause).

Directly related to the secretion of estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are beginning to show a reduction in the secretion of several years before menopause, a period known as perimenopause, creating disturbances in the EP and a set of symptoms caused by the gradual decline of estrogen levels.
The perimenopause can last a few years after their last and to manifest as a transient ovarian activity resulting in the challenge of vaginal bleeding.

What are the effects of menopause on body?

The symptoms are both physically and psychologically. It can last for months or even years in some cases. It can be permanent or have flares and remissions.

The most common symptoms of menopause are:
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Flushes hot flashes is an early and unexpected symptom of menopause. Perimenopause usually begins in the last half and five years after the advent of. Due to an increase in peripheral temperature drops of the central body temperature and hypothalamic considered reasons.
- Night sweats
- Sleep Disorders
- Gulf Dryness, itching and reduce the genital tissues, sometimes leading to pain during intercourse
- Dry skin dryness and vaginal mucosa due to reduction of collagen in the skin epithelium in which many receptors have been detected estrogen and androgen
- Frequent urination or incontinence (involuntary loss of urine)
- More frequent infection vaginal infections and urinary tract infections combined with dysuria unpleasant complaints.

The most important recommendations that should be taken seriously are:
1. Stopping smoking
2. Prevention of breast cancer
3. Proper diet, rich in vitamins and low in fat, and weight loss is necessary, particularly in the categories of women are other aggravating factors such as diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, obesity, history of cardiovascular events.
4. Must begin Vitamin D and calcium, even before moving into menopause, to slow the loss of bone mass and osteoporosis fractures.
5. The gym on a daily basis is essential to menopause. It was found that reduces cardiovascular events and has a beneficial effect on bones, preventing osteoporosis.

Other simple but effective measures

- Wear cotton underwear to experience night sweats more easily
- You can use a vaginal lubricating creams or gels before sex, if you dysparefnia.
- Do not hesitate to confess their problems and concerns to your partner and your family members or even join a special group programs for psychological support postmenopausal women, if you feel the need.