Thursday, October 6, 2011

Respiratory Disorders

>In today's World, respiratory problems are linked directly to bad weather, pollution and other related services of a society in general. After all, who did not own a respiratory problem?

Care must be redoubled to maintain and absorb a better quality of life. But it is not an easy task as it is imagined.

Some of the respiratory disorders:
Pneumonia: Caused by a lung infection caused by several species of bacteria. Bacterium settles in the lungs, and symptoms often include high fever, shortness of breath, chest pain and coughing up phlegm and sometimes blood. Sometimes affects people with low immune system or attack.

Bronchial Asthma: It is defined as a respiratory illness where the bronchial constriction and inflammation of the mucosa prevents and depending on the situation restricts the airflow, causing breathing difficulty. Its symptoms are intense sneezing, ocular inflammation in the nasal mucosa, and therefore a difficult breathing with oxygen absorption.

Rhinitis: It is an inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the nasal cavities due to allergic processes and thus produces excess mucus.

Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of existing cavities in the bones of the face, in which bacteria invade the nasal passages, which can cause pain in the face and nasal mucous discharge.

Cold: Very common in large populations, especially with low quality of life, can be caused by dust several types of viruses and is more suitable in winter. In addition to the flu, other symptoms may appear, such as sensation of dry throat, fever and red eyes and sometimes tears.

Chronic Bronchitis: The great problem of society, especially in children, adults, and the great evil is caused by cigarettes. The breathing becomes short and the coughing spells are constant.

Pertussis: Famous childhood disease caused by bacteria that settles in the lining of the airways such as larynx, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles.

Tuberculosis: Also caused by a bacterium that develops, often in the lungs. The alveoli become inflamed and suffer necrosis. The prevention of tuberculosis is to avoid contact with sick people and consume only pasteurized or boiled properly, because the bacteria may be present in milk. Treatment is with antibiotics.

Emphysema: Is complete obstruction of the bronchioles. Overload in the lungs leads to most patients with emphysema to die of heart failure.

Lung Cancer: Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer... Several substances contained in cigarettes are carcinogenic. Cancer cells originate in the lungs multiply uncontrollably and can invade other tissues of the body where new tumors originate.

Embolism: Is the closing of the pulmonary artery or one of its branches, caused by air bubbles, fragments of tumors or often by blood clots.

It's important to emphasize that respiratory disorders should be analyzed and verified with a medical specialist. Self medication can cause serious problems to a person.