Friday, November 4, 2011

Liver, Functions of liver

> The liver is a body of digestive. Plays an important role in metabolism, synthesis protein of plasma and drug detoxification. This body is gland largest in the human body and is below the diaphragm, in the hypochondria right. Synthesizes bile greenish liquid important for digestion. Performs and regulates a broad variety of biochemical reactions requiring very specialized tissues. The terms Medical related to the liver often start in hepato -or hepatic.

The adult human liver in non- pathological conditions between 1.7 and 3 weight kg. It is the second largest organ - the organ is the largest skin- and the largest gland in the human body.

Located to the right of the abdomen, below the diaphragm. It is to the right of the stomach and it rests on the gallbladder, Responsible for storing bile.

The liver is one of the few internal human organs capable of regenerating lost tissue naturally: with 25% of the liver can regenerate a whole liver again.

Traditionally, the liver was divided into four lobes based on the characteristics superficial. The sickle ligament divides the liver into two lobes anatomical: the right lobe and left lobe.

Also have two additional lobes between the right and left. These are the caudate lobes more than the lobe and square.

The functions of the liver:

* The liver produces and excretes bile required for the emulsion of fat. Part of the bile drains directly into the duodenum, and another part are stored in the gallbladder.
* The liver plays an important role in the metabolism of carbohydrates:
* The liver is responsible for the major metabolic pathways of proteins.
* Also performs several roles in metabolism lipid:
* The liver and analyzes the most toxic substances drugs.
* Converts ammonia in urea.
* Stores multiple substances:
o Glycogen.
o Vitamin B12.
o Iron.
o Copper.
* In the first half of fetus the liver is the largest producer of erythrocytes. Towards the 32nd week of gestation, the Bone marrow has taken almost complete this task.

Currently, there is no artificial organ or device capable of emulating all the functions of the liver. Some functions can be emulated through dialysis liver, an experimental treatment for people who have no liver.

Many diseases of the liver were accompanied by jaundice caused by increased levels of bilirubin circulating. The bilirubin results from the disintegration of the hemoglobin of dead red blood cells. Normally, the liver removes bilirubin from the blood and excreted through the bile.

* Hepatitis. Inflammation of the liver caused by various viruses or hereditary or immunological causes.
* Cirrhosis. Formation of fibrous tissue in the liver, instead of dead hepatocytes. The cause of death is usually the Alcoholism or contact with other chemicals viral liver.
* Haemochromatosis. Inherited disease that causes the accumulation of iron in the body, which damages the liver.
* Cancer liver
* Wilson's Disease. Inherited disease that causes retention copper.
Read more on liver cirrhosis treatment and liver care remedies and liver cirrhosis