Wednesday, November 2, 2011

High Blood Pressure

> High blood pressure, or hypertension, is that of 140/90 mmHg or higher, both numbers are important. A Since high blood pressure appears it usually lasts a lifetime. The good news is that high blood pressure can be treated and controlled.

Hypertension is called the silent killer because it usually has no symptoms. Some people may not discover that until they have high blood pressure have heart problems, brain or kidneys. Hypertension is the disproportionate increase in levels pressure in relation mainly to age. A normal blood pressure in adult reaches a maximum value 140 mmHg (millimeters of mercury) and at least 90 mmHg. Larger values indicate hypertension.

The incidence of high pressure is seen in relation to:
Age and Sex: The pressure High is more common in men than in women, and in people older than the young.
Genetics: People with a family history of hypertension are more predispositions to suffer from it.
Overweight (obesity).

High Blood Pressure Causes
The causes that lead to high blood pressure are many and varied. In most cases, the cause is unknown or not well defined. Among the known causes are kidney disease, glands (endocrine), nervous system, the abuse of certain drugs and pregnancy.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms
In the first phase hypertension has no symptoms but as the years go by, they begin to appear. The most common are: headache, shortness of breath, dizziness, blurred vision that can be accompanied by tingling, weakness, bleeding nose, palpitations and even fainting.

Treatment and Prevention of High Blood Pressure
The best way to prevent disease is through a periodic control (Take the pressure), do not abuse the food with salt, and walking avoid smoking and coffee, which increase blood pressure. In summary, attempt to modify the life style to maintain blood pressure.

As the maximum and minimum blood pressure?
The intensity of blood pressure is established in the call center circulatory situated in a part of the brain adapts to each situation through sent messages to the nerve centers. The blood pressure adjusts itself through changes in intensity and frequency of heart rate (pulse) and the diameter of the vascular system.

Blood pressure changes cyclically over the course of cardiac activity.
A) Eating habits:
• Try maintaining a balanced weight for their age. Get rid of excess weight;
• Avoid excessive intake of salt;
• Avoid fatty foods.

B) Consumption of harmful substances:
• Let smoking;
• Moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages;
• Reduce caffeine intake (coffee).

C) Physical Form:
• Practice sports regularly - After doing a medical check-up;
• Choice sports requiring endurance and not strength;
• Not strives to reach its limit of physical form;
• If have an illness and / or has more than 40 years, before starting any sport activity, you should consult your physician to recommend the kind of sports suitable for them, and the intensity with which we must practice.