Friday, November 4, 2011

Psoriasis Chronic Inflammatory Skin Disease

> Psoriasis is a skin disease very frequent, of unknown cause and common people in the same family. Not is a contagious disease, and may be so mild that the patient does not know who has the disease. In other cases it may be very severe and affect large parts of the body - in these cases is need calm and patient so that treatment is successful.

Psoriasis is an ancient disease very common. It affects almost 3% of the population, both men and women. Usually appears in the second decade of life. When children under 15 years are affected because it is probably some of the relatives had the disease

The disease is characterized by the appearance of patches or plaques red body with intense scaling. The main areas manifesting the disease are: knees, elbows, scalp and back. Psoriasis inflames the skin, which is very red and looks ranked as scales.

It is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that manifests itself in most times, erythematous lesions pink or red covered with scales whitish. In some cases, the lesions may be located only in elbows, knees or scalp. Already in others, the lesions spread through the whole skin. Often there is involvement of the nails. Although little frequent, there are cases where the joints may also be affected causing psoriatic arthritis. Psoriasis causes great impact on quality of life of patients who often feel rejected or discriminated against in their social and working conditions.

What causes psoriasis:
The reasons that cause psoriasis are not yet fully understood. The scientific researches show that there is someone in the family with the same problem in 30% of cases. Some factors may increase or trigger disease, such as emotional stress, trauma or skin irritation, infection in throat, low humidity or certain medicines.

Psoriasis vulgarize or plaque:
Plaque psoriasis, vulgar or nummular is the most common. The disease may differ regarding the intensity and evolution. The areas most affected are the elbows, knees, scalp, lumbosacral area and umbilicus.

Psoriasis in nails:
Psoriasis can involve the fingernails, corresponding to a stigma of the disease, because it interferes in social and work activities. One of the hallmarks of the disease is the detachment of the nail. To minimize the need to avoid patient trauma. It is therefore important to keep the nail short, dry and clean to reduce the odds of stimuli that can enhance the detachment.

Psoriatic arthritis:
A small portion of the patient population may exhibit this kind of manifestation of the disease, which can produce inflammation in joints and cartilage, developing pain, difficulty in movements and changes in the way of the joints.

Besides the main types of psoriasis, also highlight:
* Psoriasis guttata
* Erythrodermic psoriasis
* Pustular Psoriasis
* Inverse psoriasis
* Palmoplantar Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a disease that can be controlled and is not contagious. Stress and anxiety are factors that trigger or aggravate psoriasis, so try to adopt a style of life less stressful and if you can not, seek the help of patients in the association of your city or a psychotherapist.