Sunday, November 6, 2011

Obesity Problem

>Obesity: What is it?
It is called obesity a disease characterized by excessive accumulation of body fat associated with health problems, namely, that harms the health of the individual.

How it develop?
Various stages of development, the human body is the result of different interaction between your genetic heritage (inherited from his parents and family), the socioeconomic environment, cultural and educational environment and their individual and family.

Obesity is the result of many of these interactions, in which call attention to the genetic, environmental and behavioral factors. Thus, children with both parents are obese have a high risk of obesity, and certain social changes stimulate weight gain in an entire group of people. Recently, he has been adding a series of scientific knowledge regarding the different mechanisms by which they gain weight, showing increasingly that this situation is associated, in most cases, with several factors.

What do you feel?
Excess body fat does not cause signs and symptoms directly, except when it reaches extreme values. Regardless of severity, the patient has significant limitations aesthetic, accentuated by the current standard of beauty that requires a weight to less than that accepted as normal.

Obese patients have limitations in movement; tend to be contaminated with fungi and other skin infections in their folds of fat, with several complications, which can sometimes be severe. Moreover, they strain your spine and lower limbs, with long-term degeneration (arthritis) in the joints of the spine, hips, knees and ankles, and varicose vein disease deep and superficial (varicose) ulcers and recurrent erysipelas.

Obesity is a risk factor for a number of diseases or disorder:

Cardiovascular diseases
Cerebrovascular diseases
Decrease in HDL ( "good cholesterol")
Diabetes Mellitus Type II
Increased insulin
Glucose intolerance
Menstrual disorders / infertility

It is important to consider that physical activity is any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles resulting in energy expenditure and that exercise is a physical activity planned and structured in order to improve or maintain physical fitness.

The exercise presents a series of benefits for the obese patient, improving the efficiency of treatment with diet. Among the various effects include:
- decreased appetite,
- increased insulin action,
- improvement in fat profile,
- improved sense of well-being and self-esteem.

Perform regular exercise, at least 30 to 40 minutes, at least 4 times a week initially and then moderate light. This activity, in some situations may require a professional and specialized environment, and, in most cases, the simple recommendation of walking routine already brings great benefits.

How is it treated?
The treatment of obesity necessarily involves diet and nutrition, increasing physical activity and possibly the use of some adjunctive medications.

A healthy diet should always be encouraged in childhood, avoiding those children with a weight above the normal. The diet should be included in the general principles of healthy living, which includes physical activity, leisure, relationships and an appropriate affective organized family structure.

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